How to Get a Court Appointed Attorney for Family Law

So, how to get a court-appointed attorney for family law?

Family law cases can be tricky and overwhelming, especially if you don’t have money for a private lawyer.

But if you don’t have much money, you can ask for a free lawyer appointed by the court.

This article will explore the eligibility criteria, gather the required paperwork, navigate court procedures, and ensure competent representation.

An Image of a Court-Appointed Lawyer
How to Get a Court-Appointed Attorney for Family Law. Photo Source (Freepik)

Check if You Qualify for a Court-Appointed Attorney

If you need a free lawyer appointed by the court, you have to prove you don’t have much money.

Each state has its own rules for this.

They look at how much you earn, what you own, and how many people you take care of.

Here are some important things to consider:

  1. Income: You can get a free lawyer if you earn less than a certain amount, usually around 125% of the federal poverty level. This includes all your money, like from your job, child support, or government help.
  2. Stuff you own: You can’t have too many assets. There’s a limit, but they don’t count certain things like your house or car. The limit is usually between $2,500 and $10,000.
  3. Expenses: They look at what you need to spend money on every month, like rent, bills, and taking care of your family. They compare this to how much money you have.

If there’s domestic violence involved, the rules might be a bit more flexible to keep the victim safe.

You should talk to a legal aid group to understand the rules in your state and situation.

Gather the Required Paperwork

To check if you can get a free lawyer, you need to gather some papers:

  1. Tax Returns: Get statements showing how much money you made in the last two years.
  2. Pay Stubs: Bring receipts that show how much money you make now.
  3. Bank Statements: Get papers from the bank showing your money.
  4. Housing Papers: Bring receipts that show you pay for your house or rent.
  5. Bills: Get receipts for bills like doctor bills, insurance, child support, child care, and other important costs.
  6. Car Papers: If you have a car, bring documents showing you own it or pay for it.
  7. Debt Papers: If you owe money on credit cards or other things, bring papers for that.

The court will look at these papers to see if you can get a free lawyer.

Keep copies of these papers for yourself too.

Fill Out The Necessary Court Paperwork

Each court has its forms to check if you qualify to get a free lawyer.

They might include:

  1. Application Form: Fill in basic details about yourself, your income, and why you need a lawyer.
  2. Sworn Statement (Affidavit): Promise under oath that what you said in the application is true.
  3. Order: The judge looks at your application and decides if you can have a free lawyer.

Depending on your situation, you might need other papers like a questionnaire, an agreement, or a paper about domestic violence.

Ask the court clerk for all the papers you need.

Submit The Necessary Documents and Go to the Court Hearing

If you need a free lawyer from the court, you have to give the completed application and papers to the court clerk.

You can do this by mail or in person, and the clerk will tell you how to do it and if there’s a small fee.

After you give them the papers, the court will set up a meeting, called a hearing.

At the hearing, a judge will decide if you can get a free lawyer.

You have to go to this meeting and answer questions.

If the judge says yes, they will give you a paper saying you can have a lawyer for free.

This might take a few days or weeks, so it’s better to give the papers as soon as you can.

Having a lawyer from the start can help in your family law case.

Get Connected with a Lawyer that Fits Your Requirements

After the judge says yes, they will pick an attorney for you.

In some places, the judge chooses a specific lawyer for your case.

In others, they have a list, and lawyers take turns.

The court administrator or clerk will help match you with a attorney.

Since you don’t get to pick, ask some questions to make sure the lawyer is right for you, like:

  1. Have you worked on family law cases before?
  2. How will you handle my specific legal problem?
  3. Will you respond to my calls and emails?

Even though you don’t pay these lawyers directly, treat them well.

Be organized, answer calls, and meet when needed.

This helps your case.

An Image Representing Family Law
Family Law Case. Photo Source (Freepik)

Understand the Extent of Legal Representation

If a court gives you a free lawyer, they’ll only help you with the family law case the judge picked them for.

This includes things like divorce, custody, visitation, child support, spousal support, and restraining orders.

For anything else, you need to get another lawyer.

Make sure you understand what your free lawyer can help you with from the start.

Follow Through with Paying Fees Ordered by the Court

Even if you get a free lawyer from the court, you might still have to pay some fees.

The judge will decide based on your money situation.

They might tell you to help with lawyer fees or pay back some costs.

Usually, you’ll make monthly payments set by the court.

If your money situation changes, you can ask to pay less.

But it’s important to take these payments seriously, as not paying can hurt your case.

If necessary, ask for a different lawyer

If your court-appointed lawyer isn’t working out, you can ask for a new one.

Some good reasons for this are:

  1. They have a conflict of interest.
  2. They aren’t doing a good job representing you.
  3. They don’t communicate well.
  4. They’re doing something wrong or illegal.

To get a new lawyer, you have to tell the court why things aren’t going well.

The judge might talk to you and your current lawyer before deciding.

You usually only get one chance to change lawyers, so think about it carefully.

It’s not enough to just not get along; there should be a serious problem like them not doing a good job or doing something wrong.


If you can’t afford a lawyer for your family law case, showing you don’t have much money, doing the paperwork, going to hearings, asking questions, knowing what your lawyer can and can’t do, and paying what the court says – all make sure your free lawyer helps you as best as possible.

It’s affordable help to make your case as good as it can be.