How to Win Attorney Fee Arbitration

If you have ever hired an attorney for a legal matter, you may have encountered a fee dispute at some point.

Whether you were surprised by the amount of the bill, dissatisfied with the quality of the service, or unhappy with the outcome of the case, you may have wondered if you have to pay the full amount of the attorney’s fee.

Fortunately, there is a way to resolve such disputes without going to court.

It is called attorney fee arbitration, and it is a formal process that involves presenting evidence and arguments to an impartial arbitrator or panel who will make a binding decision regarding the amount of fees owed.

Attorney fee arbitration can be a faster, cheaper, and fairer alternative to litigation.

However, it also requires careful preparation and strategy to ensure a successful outcome.

In this article, I will share with you some valuable insights and practical tips on how to win attorney fee arbitration.

An image illustration on How to Win Attorney Fee Arbitration
How to Win Attorney Fee Arbitration. A complete Guide.

What is Attorney Fee Arbitration?

Attorney fee arbitration is a process that allows clients and attorneys to settle their fee disputes through an independent and neutral third party.

The arbitrator or panel will hear both sides of the story, review the relevant documents, and decide how much the client should pay the attorney.

Arbitration process is overseen by the Office of Attorney Ethics (OAE), which is a branch of the New Jersey Supreme Court.

The OAE appoints volunteer attorneys to serve as arbitrators and organizes them into district fee arbitration committees.

Each committee has a district fee secretary, who is responsible for managing the cases and scheduling the hearings.

The arbitration process is binding, which means that the arbitrator’s decision is final and enforceable.

Neither party can appeal the decision to a court, unless there are limited grounds for doing so, such as fraud, corruption, or misconduct by the arbitrator.

Therefore, it is important to understand the implications of choosing arbitration and to weigh the pros and cons carefully.

How to Initiate Attorney Fee Arbitration?

Before an attorney can sue a client for unpaid fees, the attorney must inform the client of their right to seek fee arbitration.

The attorney must send the client a formal notice of their right to seek fee arbitration, along with the name, address, and phone number of the district fee secretary.

The client then has 30 days to file a fee arbitration request form with the district fee secretary, while the attorney will complete a fee response form.

Fee arbitration request form can be obtained from the OAE website or by calling the Fee Arbitration office at 609-403-7800 ext. 34120.

The form requires the client to provide basic information about themselves, the attorney, and the fee dispute.

The client must also attach any relevant documents, such as the fee agreement, invoices, correspondence, and receipts.

Additionally, the client must pay a $50 filing fee, or request a fee waiver if the fee poses a financial hardship.

The district fee secretary will review the case and determine if it is eligible for arbitration.

Some of the factors that the district fee secretary will consider are:

  • The amount in dispute: The fee arbitration program only handles cases where the amount in dispute is more than $250 and less than $100,000.
  • The nature of the dispute: The fee arbitration program only handles cases where the dispute is about the reasonableness of the fee.
  • The timing of the dispute: The fee arbitration program only handles cases where the dispute arose within the last six years.

If the case is accepted for arbitration, the district fee secretary will notify both parties and assign the case to an arbitrator or a panel of three arbitrators.

The arbitrator or panel will then schedule a hearing date and time, and send both parties a notice of hearing.

How to Prepare for Attorney Fee Arbitration?

Once the hearing date is set, both parties should start preparing their case.

This involves gathering all the relevant evidence, reviewing the fee agreement, evaluating the merits of the case, and crafting a compelling argument.

Gather Documentation

One of the most important steps in preparing for arbitration is to gather all the relevant documentation that supports your claim for attorney fees.

This may include:

  • The fee agreement: This is the contract that outlines the terms and conditions of the attorney-client relationship, such as the scope of the service, the method of billing, the rate of the fee, and the procedure for resolving disputes.
  • The invoices: These are the statements that show the amount and the breakdown of the fees charged by the attorney. The invoices should provide a clear and detailed description of the services rendered, the time spent, and the expenses incurred.
  • The correspondence: These are the letters, emails, texts, or other communications that show the interaction between the client and the attorney. The correspondence may provide insight into either party’s expectations, instructions, consent, or dissatisfaction.
  • The receipts: These are the documents that show the proof of payment or the proof of expense. The receipts may include checks, bank statements, credit card statements, or other records that show how much the client paid the attorney or how much the attorney spent on the case.

It is essential to maintain clear and detailed records throughout the attorney-client relationship, as they can make or break your case.

Organize your documents in a logical and chronological order, and label them with exhibit numbers or letters.

You should also make copies of your documents and submit them to the arbitrator or panel at least 10 days before the hearing date.

Review the Fee Agreement

Another important step in preparing for arbitration is to carefully review the fee agreement and understand the terms and provisions related to fee disputes and arbitration.

You should pay attention to any specific requirements or procedures outlined in the agreement, such as:

  • The method of billing: This is how the attorney charges the fee, such as hourly, flat, contingent, or retainer. You should check if the method of billing is appropriate for the type and complexity of the case, and if it is consistent with the industry standards and ethical rules.
  • The fee rate: This is how much the attorney charges per hour, per service, or per percentage. You should check if the rate of the fee is reasonable for the level of skill and experience of the attorney, and if it is comparable to the prevailing market rates.
  • The scope of the service: This is what the attorney agrees to do for the client, such as the tasks, the objectives, and the deliverables. You should check if the scope of the service is clearly defined and agreed upon by both parties and if it matches the actual services provided.
  • The procedure for resolving disputes: This is how the parties agree to handle any disagreements or conflicts over the fee, such as negotiation, mediation, arbitration, or litigation. You should check if the procedure for resolving disputes is fair and enforceable, and if it complies with the rules and regulations of the OAE.

The fee agreement is the basis for determining the reasonableness of the fee, and it can also affect the outcome of the arbitration.

Therefore, you should review the fee agreement thoroughly and identify any issues or discrepancies that may support or weaken your case.

Evaluate the Merits of the Case

The next step in preparing for arbitration is to assess the strengths and weaknesses of your position regarding the fee dispute.

It would be best if you considered factors such as:

  • The complexity of the case: This is how difficult or challenging the case was, in terms of the legal issues, the factual circumstances, the procedural steps, and the potential outcomes. A more complex case may justify a higher fee, as it may require more time, effort, and expertise from the attorney.
  • The services provided: This is what the attorney did for the client, in terms of the actions, the results, and the value. The services provided should match the scope of the service agreed upon in the fee agreement, and they should also reflect the quality and professionalism of the attorney.
  • The attorney’s experience: This is how qualified and competent the attorney was, in terms of the education, credentials, and reputation. The attorney’s experience may influence the rate of the fee, as it may indicate the level of skill and knowledge of the attorney.
  • The unforeseen circumstances: These are any events or factors that may have affected the fee arrangement, such as changes in the law, new evidence, additional work, or client requests. The unforeseen circumstances may explain or justify any deviations or modifications to the fee agreement, as long as they were communicated and consented to by both parties.

You should weigh the pros and cons of your case and determine how likely you are to win or lose the arbitration.

Also, anticipate the arguments and evidence that the other party may present, and prepare your responses and counterarguments accordingly.

Craft a Compelling Argument

The final step in preparing for arbitration is to develop a strong argument that supports your claim for attorney fees.

How to Present Your Case at the Hearing?

After you have prepared your case, you are ready to present it at the hearing.

The hearing is a formal and structured process that follows certain rules and procedures.

You should familiarize yourself with the rules and procedures before the hearing, and follow them accordingly.

The Format of the Hearing

Hearing is usually conducted in person at the district fee committee office, but it may also be conducted by phone or video conference if both parties agree.

The hearing is presided by the arbitrator or the panel chair, who will explain the rules and procedures, administer the oath, and maintain the order.

The hearing is not open to the public, and the proceedings are confidential.

It typically lasts for one to two hours, depending on the complexity of the case and the number of witnesses.

The hearing also follows a standard format, which consists of the following steps:

  • Opening statements: Each party will have an opportunity to make a brief statement that summarizes their position and outlines their main arguments. The client usually goes first, followed by the attorney.
  • Presentation of evidence: Each party will have an opportunity to present their evidence, such as documents, witnesses, or expert testimony. The party presenting the evidence must also provide copies to the other party and the arbitrator or panel. The other party will have an opportunity to cross-examine the evidence or raise objections. The client usually goes first, followed by the attorney.
  • Closing arguments: Each party will have an opportunity to make a final statement that emphasizes their key points and refutes the other party’s arguments. The client usually goes first, followed by the attorney.
  • Questions from the arbitrator or panel: The arbitrator or panel may ask questions to either party or their witnesses to clarify any issues or resolve any doubts. The arbitrator or panel may also request additional information or documents from either party after the hearing.

The Tips for the Hearing

The hearing is your chance to persuade the arbitrator or panel that your claim for attorney fees is reasonable and justified.

Therefore, you should make the most of it by following these tips:

  • Be prepared: You should review your case and evidence before the hearing, and bring all the necessary documents and materials. Anticipate the other party’s arguments and evidence, and prepare your responses and counterarguments.
  • Be professional: You should dress appropriately and act respectfully at the hearing. Address the arbitrator or panel as “Mr.”, “Ms.”, or “Chairperson”, and the other party as “Mr.” or “Ms.”.
  • Be clear: You should speak clearly and confidently at the hearing. You should use simple and precise language, and avoid any jargon or technical terms.
  • Be concise: You should keep your statements and arguments short and to the point. Focus on the most relevant and persuasive evidence, and avoid any irrelevant or redundant information.
  • Be honest: You should tell the truth and nothing but the truth at the hearing. You should not exaggerate, distort, or omit any facts or evidence.

How to Receive the Arbitrator’s Decision?

After the hearing, the arbitrator or panel will deliberate and decide the case.

The arbitrator or panel will issue a written decision, which will include the following information:

  • Names and addresses of the parties and the arbitrator or panel
  • Date and place of the hearing
  • Amount and the breakdown of the fees claimed by the attorney
  • The amount and the breakdown of the fees awarded by the arbitrator or panel
  • Reasons and the basis for the decision
  • Date and the signature of the arbitrator or panel

Panel will send a copy of the decision to both parties and the district fee secretary within 30 days of the hearing.

The decision will also be filed with the OAE and the Superior Court.

The decision is binding and enforceable, which means that the parties must comply with the decision and pay the fees accordingly.

If the client is ordered to pay the attorney, the client must do so within 30 days of receiving the decision.

However, If the attorney is ordered to refund the client, the attorney must do so within 10 days of receiving the decision.

If either party fails to comply with the decision, the other party can file a motion to confirm the award with the Superior Court.

The motion must be filed within 45 days of receiving the decision, and it must include a copy of the decision and proof of service.

The court will then issue an order confirming the award, which can be enforced as a judgment.


Attorney fee arbitration is a viable option for resolving fee disputes between clients and attorneys.

It can offer many benefits, such as speed, cost, and fairness.

However, it also requires careful preparation and strategy to ensure a successful outcome.

By following the steps and tips outlined in this article, you can increase your chances of winning attorney fee arbitration and getting the fees you deserve.

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